What Is Lupus? Really Can't Be Cured?

You may have heard of lupus. Although it is familiar with its name, not many know what lupus really is, what causes it, and how it is treated. So, what is lupus? Can it be cured?

What is lupus?

Lupus is an immune system disorder that occurs in the body. This disease is included in an autoimmune disease that causes damaged body cells and inflammation.

Simply put, lupus is a condition in which the body produces excess antibodies. Under normal circumstances, antibodies function to protect the body from various foreign substances that can cause disease.

However, in people who have lupus (Odapus), the antibodies that they have actually attack the cells of their own body. So that, odapus easily experience infectious and inflammatory diseases - due to healthy cells being attacked by antibodies.

What are the types of lupus?

There are several types of lupus that exist, namely:


  • - Systemic lupus erthematosus (SLE), is the most common type of lupus. This type of disease attacks various tissues such as joints, skin, brain, lungs, kidneys, and blood vessels.
  • - Discoid lupus erthematosus, is a type of lupus that attacks skin tissue, causing rashes.
  • - Neonatal lupus is lupus that attacks newborns. This disease is experienced by babies born to mothers who have antibody abnormalities.
  • - Lupus due to drugs, this disorder is usually only experienced in a short time. So some drugs may cause side effects whose symptoms resemble those of lupus. The patient's condition will improve if the use of the drug is stopped.
  • - Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus, is lupus which makes the skin tissue scar and burn when exposed to sunlight.


What are the symptoms and characteristics of lupus?

Lupus is a disease known as '1000 face disease'. This term arises due to this chronic disease causing symptoms and signs that are almost similar to other diseases. So, this disease tends to be difficult to detect early. The following are some of the symptoms and signs that are usually experienced by odapus, according to the American College of Rheumatology:


  • Joint pain
  • Swollen joints
  • The mouth or nose has wounds that don't heal for days to months.
  • In the urine there is blood or even protein (proteinuria)
  • There are rashes on various skin surfaces
  • Hair loss
  • Fever
  • Convulsions
  • Chest pain and difficulty breathing due to inflammation of the lungs


If you experience at least 4 symptoms and signs, then you should immediately consult a doctor.

What are the causes of lupus?

Lupus is a chronic disease caused by a disorder in the body, so it is definitely not the main cause of the virus or bacteria. In fact, experts don't know exactly what causes lupus. There are many factors that might cause this. However, several theories state that lupus is caused by the interaction of genes, hormones, and the environment.

1. Genetic factors
Researchers from the John Hopkins Center, were first attracted by the causes of lupus, from the relationship between family genes and sufferers. In fact, the presence of lupus sufferers in a family can increase the tendency of lupus in other family members. In addition, family members of people with lupus, when conducting medical tests, tend to be positive.

Then, with the presence of genes that trigger the development of a disease, it does not mean that the person can be directly affected or can inherit lupus. On the other hand, researchers believe that the cause of lupus has something to do with poor environmental conditions. But unfortunately, they still have not been able to determine which of the strongest factors causes a person to suffer from lupus.

2. Hormones
In fact, women are 9 times more likely to develop lupus than men. This phenomenon can be explained by sex hormones produced by the female and male immune systems, both of which are clearly different. The female body produces and uses more estrogen, while the male body depends on a hormone called androgen.

Estrogen is known as an "immuno-enhancing" hormone, which means that women have a stronger immune system than men, given the evolutionary need for women to survive, play a role in giving birth, and nurture their children. But as a result, when the immune system turns to attack the body, women will more easily experience autoimmune diseases.

3. Environment
In addition, several environmental factors have been linked to causes of lupus. Researchers have linked lupus and various environmental poisons, such as cigarette smoke, sodium silica gel, and mercury. The herpes zoster virus (the virus that causes shingles),

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